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Glossary - A
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Abdominal cavity
Abdominal cavity- the part of the body between the bottom of the ribs and the top of the thighs, containing most of the digestive and urinary systems along with some reproductive organs
ABO blood groups
ABO blood groups- The system by which human blood is classified, based on proteins present on red blood cells; the four classification groups are A, AB, B, and O.
Abortion- termination of a pregnancy; can occur because of natural causes (called a miscarriage) or can be a medical intervention.
Abscess- an accumulation of pus in a body tissue, usually caused by a bacterial infection.
Acarbose- this is a type of antidiabetic that inhibits the mucosal disaccharidases & prevents absorption of starch. It has been used in the management of diabetes & obesity, however it produces osmotic diarrhea.
ACE inhibitor
ACE inhibitor- a drug typically used to treat high blood pressure (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitor)
Acetone- A chemical formed in the blood when the body uses fat instead of glucose (sugar) for energy. If acetone forms, it usually means that the cells do not have enough insulin, or cannot use the insulin that is in the blood, to use glucose for energy. Acetone in the body can have breath that smells fruity and is called “acetone breath.”
Achilles tendon
Achilles tendon- the tendon at the back of the lower leg that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone
Acid reflux
Acid reflux- a disorder in which acid in the stomach comes up into the esophagus, because the valve separating the stomach and esophagus does not function properly
Acidosis- a condition marked by abnormally high acid levels in the blood, associated with some forms of diabetes, lung disease, and severe kidney disease
Acne- a skin condition characterized by inflamed, pus-filled areas that occur on the skin's surface, most commonly occurring during adolescence
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome- infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes a weakening of the immune system
Acute- describes a condition or illness that begins suddenly and is usually short-lasting
Addiction- dependence on a substance (such as alcohol or other drugs) or an activity, to the point that stopping is very difficult and causes severe physical and mental reactions.
Adipose tissue
Adipose tissue- another term for fatty tissue; it stores energy, insulates, and cushions the body.
Adrenal glands
Adrenal glands- two small glands located on top of the kidneys that secrete several important hormones into the blood.
Adverse Effect
Adverse Effect- A harmful result.
Adverse reaction
Adverse reaction- an unintended and unwanted side effect of some sort of treatment, usually drug therapy
Aerated Waters
Aerated Waters- Carbon Dioxide is dissolvedin water under pressure this is sored in sealed bottles, when the bottle is opened bubbles of CO2 are released. Unflavoured aeraled water is known as 'soda water' though it does not contain any sodium bicarbonate. Different essences & colour like lemon, raspberry & ginger are added uring the manufacturing of these drinks, the sugar content of aeroted waters varies considerably.
Aerobic exercise
Aerobic exercise- physical activity during which the heart and lungs must work harder to meet the body's increased oxygen demand.
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art of painless insulin treatment

diabetic sweets

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