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Glossary - D
 
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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)- Severe, out-of control diabetes (high blood sugar) that needs emergency treatment. DKA happens when blood sugar levels get too high. This may happen because of illness, taking too little insulin, or getting too little excise. The body starts using stored fat for energy, and ketone bodies (acids) build up in the blood.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (key-toe-ass-ih-DOH-sis)
When blood sugar level in a person with diabetes is high enough to threaten life and require emergency treatment. It happens when there is no insulin to provide sugar to cells. As a result, acid builds up in blood
Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy- A disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the eye. When retinopathy first starts, the tiny blood vessels in the retina become swollen, and they leak a little fluid into the center of the retina. The person’s sight may be blurred. This condition is called background retinopathy. About 80 percent of people with background retinopathy never have serious vision problems, and the disease never goes beyond this first stage.
Dialysis
Dialysis- A method for removing waste such as urea from the blood when the kidneys can no longer do the job. The tow types of dialysis are hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In hemodialysis, the patient’s blood is passed through a tube into a machine that filter out waste products. The cleanse blood is then returned to the body.
Diastolic pressure
Diastolic pressure- the blood pressure measured when the heart is at rest between beats
Diathermy
Diathermy- the use of high-frequency currents, microwaves, or ultrasound to produce heat in the body to increase blood flow, relieve pain, or destroy diseased tissue
Dilatation and Curettage
Dilatation and Curettage- a procedure in which the vagina and cervix are widened and the lining of the uterus is scraped away to diagnose and treat disorders of the uterus
Disaccharides
Disaccharides- Two monosaccharides join together to form a disaccharide sucrose (ordinary table sugar) and lactose (milk sugar) are the commonest disaccharides.
Disk prolapse
Disk prolapse- a disorder in which one of the disks located between the vertebrae in the spine breaks down and the pulpy interior squeezes out, causing pressure on a nerve; commonly called a "slipped" or "ruptured" disk
Dislocation
Dislocation- displacement of the two bones in a joint
Diuretic
Diuretic- a drug that increases the amount of water in the urine, removing excess water from the body; used in treating high blood pressure and fluid retention
DNA
DNA- deoxyribonucleic acid; responsible for passing genetic information in nearly all organisms
Down syndrome
Down syndrome- a genetic disorder in which a person’s cells have 1 too many chromosomes, causing moderate to severe mental handicap and a characteristic appearance
Dyslipidaemia
Dyslipidaemia- An abnormality of one or more lipid fractions in the blood.
Dysmenorrhoea
Dysmenorrhoea- (Painful Periods) : Painful periods often affects the young women until their cycle settle down. If painful period starts later in life they may have an underlying cause such as pelvic inflamatory disease, fibroids or endometriosis (the inflammation of the lining of the uterus). There are evidence to suggest that vitamin B6 and eveing primrose oil can releave symptoms.
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art of painless insulin treatment

diabetic sweets

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