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DIABETES DIARY
Diabetes Diary

Glossary

 
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Glossary - G
 
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Galactorrhea
Galactorrhea- breast milk production by a woman who is not pregnant and has not just given birth
Galactose
Galactose- a sugar that is formed from the breakdown of lactose
Galactosemia
Galactosemia- Caused by a defect in the body's ability to metabolise milk sugar (lactose) & its component galactose, can lead to the development of cataracts & eventual blindness as well as cirrhosis of the liver & mental & physical retardation.
Galactosemia
Galactosemia- a genetic disorder in which galactose cannot be converted into glucose
Gallbladder
Gallbladder- a small, pear-shaped sac positioned under the liver, which concentrates and stores bile
Gallstone
Gallstone- a round, hard mass of cholesterol, bile, or calcium salts that is found in the gallbladder or a bile duct
Ganglion
Ganglion- a fluid-filled cyst attached to a tendon sheath or joint
Gangrene
Gangrene- death of a tissue because of a lack of blood supply
Gastrin
Gastrin- a hormone that stimulates the release of gastric acid in the stomach
Gastrinoma
Gastrinoma- a tumor that produces gastrin, making the stomach and duodenum more acidic
Gastritis
Gastritis- inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the stomach; can have a number of causes, including viruses, bacteria, and use of alcohol and other drugs
Gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis- inflammation of the stomach and intestines
Gastrointestinal tract
Gastrointestinal tract- the part of the digestive system that includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines
Gastroparesis
Gastroparesis- A form of nerve damage that affects the stomach. Food is not digested properly and does not move through the stomach in a normal way, resulting in vomiting, nausea, or bloating and interfering with diabetes management.
Gastroscopy
Gastroscopy- examination of the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) using an endoscope inserted through the mouth
Gene
Gene- the basic unit of DNA, which is responsible for passing genetic information; each gene contains the instructions for the production of a certain protein
Gene therapy
Gene therapy- an experimental procedure in which disease-causing genes are replaced by normal, healthy genes
General anesthesia
General anesthesia- a method of preventing pain in which the patient is induced to lose consciousness
Generic drug
Generic drug- a drug marketed under its chemical name, instead of a brand name
Genetic analysis
Genetic analysis- examination of DNA in a laboratory to diagnose genetic disorders
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