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Glossary - H
 
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Hemophilia
Hemophilia- an inherited disorder in which a person's blood lacks a certain protein important in forming blood clots, leading to excessive bleeding
Hemorrhage
Hemorrhage- the medical term for bleeding
Hemorrhoid
Hemorrhoid- a bulging vein either at the opening of the anus or just inside the anus, often caused by childbirth or straining during bowel movements
Hepatic
Hepatic- a term used to describe something that is related to the liver
Hepatitis
Hepatitis- inflammation of the liver, which may be caused by a viral infection, poisons, or the use of alcohol or other drugs
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A- a form of hepatitis caused by the hepatitis A virus, usually transmitted by contact with contaminated food or water
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B- a form of hepatitis (generally more serious than hepatitis A) caused by the hepatitis B virus, which is transmitted through sexual contact or contact with infected blood or body fluids
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C- a form of hepatitis caused by the hepatitis C virus, which is transmitted through sexual contact or contact with infected blood or body fluids
Hepatitis D
Hepatitis D- a form of hepatitis that only causes symptoms when the individual is already infected with hepatitis B
Hereditary
Hereditary- describes a genetic trait that is passed from parents to children
Hermaphroditism
Hermaphroditism- a rare condition in which an individual is born with both male and female reproductive organs
Hernia
Hernia- the bulging of an organ or tissue through a weakened area in the muscle wall
Hiatal hernia
Hiatal hernia- a type of hernia in which the stomach bulges up into the chest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm
High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure- When the blood flows through the vessels at a greater than normal force. High blood pressure strains the heart; harms the arteries; and increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney problems. Also called hypertension.
High Density of Lipoprotein (HDL)
High Density of Lipoprotein (HDL)- A blood lipoprotein, carries 20-25 percent of cholestrol in blood. HDL removes cholestrol from the surface of the cells and transfers it to other lipoproteins for processing in the liver. Referred to as "Good Cholesterol" because high levels of HDL are associated with a lower rise of coronary heart disease.
Hirsutism
Hirsutism- excessive hair or hair growth in face in women
HL A Antigens
HL A Antigens- Proteins of the outer part of the cell that help the body fight illness. These proteins very from person to person. Scientists think that people with certain types of HLA antigens are more likely to develop insulin-dependent diabetes.
Hormonal implant
Hormonal implant- surgical insertion of a small object just under the skin that slowly releases a synthetic hormone for purposes such as birth control
Hormone
Hormone- a chemical produced by a gland or tissue that is released into the bloodstream; controls body functions such as growth and sexual development
Hormone replacement therapy
Hormone replacement therapy- the use of natural or artificial hormones to treat hormone deficiencies
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