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Glossary - H
 
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Human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus- a retrovirus that attacks helper T cells of the immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); transmitted through sexual intercourse or contact with infected blood
Human Insulin Man
Human Insulin Man-made insulins that are similar to insulin produced by your own body. Human insulin has been available since October 1982.
Hydrocele
Hydrocele- a painless swelling of the scrotum, caused by a collection of fluid around the testicle; commonly occurs in middle aged men
Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus- excess cerebrospinal fluid within the brain; commonly referred to as "water on the brain"
Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone- a corticosteroid drug that is used to treat inflammation and allergies
Hyperalimentation
Hyperalimentation- a method of providing nutrients by the use of a tube or intravenously to a person who cannot eat food or needs nutrients because of an illness
Hypercalcemia
Hypercalcemia- a condition marked by abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can lead to disturbance of cell function in the nerves and muscles and, if not treated, can be fatal
Hypercholesterolemia
Hypercholesterolemia- an abnormally high level of cholesterol in the blood, which can be the result of an inherited disorder or a diet that is high in fat
Hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia- a condition characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, usually as a result of untreated or improperly controlled diabetes mellitus
Hyperglycemia (hy-per-gly-SEE-mee-uh)
High blood sugar
Hyperlipidemia
Hyperlipidemia- a general term for a group of disorders in which lipid levels in the blood are abnormally high, including hypercholesterolemia
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism- overactivity of the parathyroid glands, which increases calcium levels in the blood (called hypercalcemia) and decreases calcium in bones (causing osteoporosis)
Hypertension
Hypertension- abnormally high blood pressure, even when at rest
Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism- overactivity of the thyroid gland, causing nervousness, weight loss, fatigue, and diarrhea
Hypertrophy
Hypertrophy- increase in the size of an organ due to an increase in the size of its cells
Hyperventilation
Hyperventilation- abnormally rapid breathing
Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia- abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood
Hypoglycemia (hy-po-gly-SEE-mee-uh)
Low blood sugar
Hypoplasia
Hypoplasia- failure of a tissue or organ to develop normally
Hypotension
Hypotension- the medical term for abnormally low blood pressure, which results in reduced blood flow to the brain, causing dizziness and fainting
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art of painless insulin treatment

diabetic sweets

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