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Glossary - I
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Iatrogenic- a term used to describe a disease, disorder, or medical condition that is a direct result of medical treatment
Idiopathic- a term used to describe something that occurs of an unknown cause
Ileum- the lowest section of the small intestine, which attaches to the large intestine
Immune system
Immune system- the cells, substances, and structures in the body that protect against infection and illness
Immunity- resistance to a specific disease because of the responses of the immune system
Immunization- the process of causing immunity by injecting antibodies or provoking the body to make its own antibodies against a certain microorganism
Immunosuppressant- a drug that inhibits the activity of the immune system; used to prevent rejection of a transplant organ and in disorders where the body's immune system attacks its own tissues
Impetigo- a highly contagious skin infection caused by bacteria, usually occurring around the nose and mouth; commonly occurring in children
Impotence- the inability to acquire or maintain an erection of the penis
In situ
In situ- "in place"; often describes a cancer that has not spread
Incidence- The number of new cases of a disease in a given population during a specified period of time.
Incubation period
Incubation period- the time period between when an infectious organism enters the body and when symptoms occur
Indigestion- uncomfortable symptoms brought on by overeating or eating spicy, rich, or fatty foods; characterized by heartburn, pain in the abdomen, nausea, and gas, and can be more serious if recurrent
Infarction- A localized area of tissue that is dying or dead, deprived of us blood supply because of an obstruction by blood clot.
Infection- disease-causing microorganisms that enter the body, multiply, and damage cells or release toxins
Inflammation- redness, pain, and swelling in an injured or infected tissue produced as a result of the body's healing response
Influenza- a viral infection characterized by headaches, muscle aches, fever, weakness, and cough; commonly called the "flu"
Ingrown toenail
Ingrown toenail- a painful condition of the big toe in which the nail grows into the skin on either side, causing inflammation and/or infection
Inguinal hernia
Inguinal hernia- the bulging of a portion of the intestines or abdominal tissue into the muscles of the groin (the area just below the abdomen)
Injection Site Rotation
Changing the places on the body where a person injects insulin. Changing the injection site keeps lumps or small dents from forming in the skin. These lumps or dents are called lipodystophies. However, people should try to use the same body are for injections that are given at the same time each day-for example always using the stomach for the morning injection or an arm for the evening injection. Using the same body area for these routine injections lessens the possibility of changes in the tim
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art of painless insulin treatment

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