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Diabetes Diary

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Glossary - I
 
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Insulin
Natural hormone that helps the body’s cells use blood sugar for energy
Insulin
Insulin- a hormone made in the pancreas that plays an important role in the absorption of glucose (the body's main source of energy) into muscle cells
Insulin Pen
Insulin Pen- An insulin injection device the size of a pen that includes a needle and holds a vial of insulin. It can be used instead of syringes for giving insulin injections.
Insulin Pump
A device the delivers a continuous supply of insulin into the body. The insulin flows from the pump through a plastic tube that is connected to a needle inserted into the body and tabbed in place. Insulin is delivered at two rates: a low, steady rate (called the basal tare) for continuous day-long coverage, and extra boosts of insulin (called bolus doses) to cover meals or when extra insulin is needed. The pump runs on batteries an can be worn clipped to a belt or carried in a pocket. It is used
Insulin resistance
A leading cause of type 2 diabetes. It develops when the body does not respond to insulin as it should
Insulin Resistance
Insulin Resistance- This implies that a higher insulin concentration in the blood is needed to obtain blood glucose lowering effect, than the amount of insulin normally needed. In other terms the insulin sensitivity is decreased
Insulinoma
Insulinoma- a noncancerous tumor of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas; the tumor releases excess insulin into the blood, causing glucose levels to drop dangerously low
Invisible Fat
Invisible Fat- Natural fat in food stuffs. Even if cooking oils are not used, invisible fat provides 10 percent of the total energy intake.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome- abnormal muscle movement in the intestines, which causes abdominal pain and irregular bowel movements (diarrhea, constipation, or both)
Ischemia
Ischemia- a condition in which a tissue or organ does not receive a sufficient supply of blood
Islet Cell Transplantation
Islet Cell Transplantation- Moving the beta (islet) cells from a donor pancreas and putting them into a person whose pancreas has sopped producing insulin. The beta cells make the insulin that the body needs to use glucose (sugar) for energy. Although transplanting islet cells may one day help people with diabetes, the procedure is still in the research stage.
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