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DIABETES DIARY
Diabetes Diary

Glossary

 
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Glossary - N
 
   
 
Narcosis
Narcosis- a drug (or other chemical)-induced drowsiness or stupor
Narcotic
Narcotic- an addictive substance that blunts the senses; can cause confusion, stupor, coma, and death with increased dosages
Narcotic analgesics
Narcotic analgesics- a type of painkiller that blocks the transmission of pain signals in the brain; often cause tolerance (the need for higher amounts of the drug to produce the same effect) and drug dependence
Nausea
Nausea- feeling the need to vomit
Nebulizer
Nebulizer- an instrument that provides a drug in its misted form through a face mask; used for severe asthma attacks and for children who have asthma but cannot use an inhaler
Neonate
Neonate- a term used to describe a newborn infant from birth to 1 month of age
Nephropathy (neh-FROP-uh-thee)
Kidney damage caused by high blood pressure or diabetes, diagnosed when protein is found in the urine
Nerve
Nerve- a bundle of fibers that transmit electrical messages between the brain and areas of the body; these messages convey sensory or motor function information
Nerve Conduction Studies
Nerve Conduction Studies- Tests to determine nerve function; can detect early neuropathy.
Neuritis
Neuritis- inflammation of a nerve, often characterized by pain, numbness, or tingling; also used to describe nerve damage and disease from causes other than inflammation
Neurofibromatosis
Neurofibromatosis- a condition in which connective tissue tumors occur on nerves in the skin
Neuropathy
Neuropathy- disease, inflammation, or damage to the nerves connecting the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body
Neuropathy (ne-ROP-uh-thee)
Damage to the nerves of a person with diabetes. A risk factor for the disease is uncontrolled high blood sugars
Niacin
Niacin- a vitamin important in many chemical processes in the body; also known as vitamin B3
Nicotine
Nicotine- A chemical present in tobacco which is believed to be responsible for the harmful effects of tobacco abuse on heart and the circulatory system.
Nitrates
Nitrates- a group of drugs that widen blood vessels; used to treat insufficient blood supply to the heart (angina pectoris) and reduced pumping efficiency of the heart (heart failure)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
A group of drugs that relieve pain and reduce inflammation
Numbness
Numbness- the lack of sensation in a part of the body because of interruption of nerve impulses
Nystagmus
Nystagmus- persistent, rapid, involuntary movement of the eyes
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