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Glossary - O
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Oats- A protein and fibre rich cereal. Oats and oat bran are often advised as dietary supplements to lower blood cholesterol levels.
Obesity- a condition in which there is an excess of body fat; used to describe those who weigh at least 20 percent more than the maximum amount considered normal for their age, sex, and height
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea- the blockage of the airways during sleep, which causes breathing to stop for very short periods of time, commonly caused by excessive relaxation of muscles at the back of the throat
Occult blood
Occult blood- blood in the feces that can be detected only by chemical tests
Ocular- describes something related to the eyes
Oligospermia- a low level of sperm in the semen; one of the main causes of infertility in men
Omega 3 (PUFA)
Omega 3 (PUFA)- A variety of polyunsaturated fatty acids which have anticlotting and blood triglyceride reducing properties.
Oophorectomy- the surgical removal of one or both ovaries; used to treat the growth of ovarian cysts or tumors
Open heart surgery
Open heart surgery- any operation in which the heart is stopped temporarily and a machine is used to take over its function of pumping blood throughout the body
Ophthalmologist- a doctor who specializes in care of the eyes; treats eye diseases and disorders
Ophthalmoplegia- partial or total loss of the ability to move the eyes
Optic nerves
Optic nerves- the pair of nerves that carry visual information from the retina to the brain
Optic neuritis
Optic neuritis- inflammation of the optic nerve, often causing a partial loss of vision
Optician- a person who specializes in the making and adjustment of eyeglasses and contact lenses
Orbit- the socket in the skull that contains the eyeball, along with its blood vessels, nerves, and muscles
Orchiectomy- the surgical removal of one or both of the testicles
Orchiopexy- an operation to correct an undescended testicle
Orchitis- inflammation of a testicle, which can be caused by infection with the mumps virus
Orthotic- a device used to correct or control deformed bones, muscles, or joints
Osmosis- the process of passage of the solvent portion of a lesser-concentrated solution through a semipermeable membrane into a higher-concentrated solution until the two solutions are equal in concentration; plays an important role in water distribution in the body
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art of painless insulin treatment

diabetic sweets

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