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Glossary - P
 
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Pacemaker
Pacemaker- a small electronic device that is surgically implanted to stimulate the heart muscle to provide a normal heartbeat
Paget's disease
Paget's disease- a disorder occurring in the middle-aged and elderly in which bone does not form properly, causing bone weakening, thickening, and deformity
Palliative treatment
Palliative treatment- treatment that relieves the symptoms of a disorder without curing it
Pallor
Pallor- abnormally pale skin; usually refers to the skin of the face
Palm Oil
Palm Oil- Palm oil is produced from the fruit of the Elacis quiennesis tree. Malaysia is the largest producer of palm oil.
Palpitation
Palpitation- an abnormally rapid and strong heartbeat
Palsy
Palsy- loss of sensation or ability to move
Pancreas
An organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is about the size of a hand. It makes insulin so that the body can use glucose (sugar) for energy. It also makes enzymes that help the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas called the islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas each have a special purpose. The alpha cell makes glucagons, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells make insulin; the delta cells make somatostatin. There are also the PP cell
Pancreas (PAN-kree-us)
A large gland behind the stomach that makes and secretes insulin
Pancreas Transplant
Pancreas Transplant- A surgical procedure that involves replacing the pancreas of a person who has diabetes with a healthy pancreas that can make insulin. The healthy pancreas comes from a donor who has just died or from a living relative. A person can donate half a pancreas and still live normally.
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis- Inflammation (pain, tenderness) of the pancreas; it can make the pancreas stop working. It is caused by drinking too much alcohol, by disease in the gallbladder, or by a virus.
Pap smear
Pap smear- a test in which cells are scraped off the cervix and examined for abnormalities; used to detect changes that might precede cervical cancer and to diagnose viral infections such as herpes simplex
Paralysis
Paralysis- the inability to use a muscle because of injury to or disease of the nerves leading to the muscle.
Paraphimosis
Paraphimosis- strangulation of the head of the penis by a tight or inflamed foreskin that has been pulled back.
Paraplegia
Paraplegia- complete or partial loss of sensation and movement of the legs.
Parathyroid glands
Parathyroid glands- small glands located in the neck that produce a hormone that regulates the levels of calcium in the blood.
Parathyroid hormone
Parathyroid hormone- a hormone released by the parathyroid glands that plays a role in controlling calcium levels in the blood
Parathyroidectomy
Parathyroidectomy- the surgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands
Parenteral
Parenteral- the introduction of a substance into the body by any route other than the digestive tract, such as through a vein or muscle
Paresthesia
Paresthesia- numbness or tingling in the skin
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