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Glossary - P
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Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's disease- a brain disorder in which there is a lack of the chemical messenger dopamine, which helps control muscle movement; leads to muscle stiffness, weakness, and trembling
Paronychia- a bacterial or yeast infection of the skin around the nail
Passive Smoking
Passive Smoking- Unintended inhalation of cigarrate smoke by a non smoker due to the close of presence of a smoker.
Patella- the medical term for the kneecap
Pellagra- a deficiency of the vitamin niacin; causes dermatitis, diarrhea, and mental disorders
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease- inflammation of a woman's internal reproductive organs, usually as a result of a bacterial infection; one of the most common causes of pelvic pain and infertility in women
Pelvis- the group of bones in the lower part of the trunk that support the upper body and protect the abdominal organs
Peripheral nervous system
Peripheral nervous system- the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body
Peripheral vascular disease
Peripheral vascular disease- the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs or arms, causing pain and possibly tissue death (gangrene) as a result of a reduced flow of blood to areas supplied by the narrowed vessels
Peritoneum- the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs
Peritonitis- inflammation of the peritoneum
Pernicious anemia
Pernicious anemia- an anemia caused by a failure to absorb vitamin B12; which is essential in the production of normal red blood cells
Phenylketonuria- a hereditary disorder in which the enzyme that converts the amino acid phenylalanine into another amino acid is defective, meaning phenylalanine must be kept out of the diet
Pheochromocytoma- a noncancerous tumor of cells that produce epinephrine and norepinephrine, causing higher levels of these hormones in the blood and an increase in blood pressure
Phimosis- tightness of the foreskin, which prevents it from being moved back over the head of the penis
Phlebitis- inflammation of a vein.
Phlebothrombosis- formation of a blood clot in a vein.
Phospholipids- fatty substances that make up the membranes surrounding cells.
Phosphorus- a mineral that is an important part of structures such as bones, teeth, and membranes in the body; also involved in numerous other chemical reactions.
Photocoagulation- tissue destruction using a focused beam of light.
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art of painless insulin treatment

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