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Glossary - R
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Renin- an enzyme that plays a role in increasing a low blood pressure
Reproductive system
Reproductive system- the organs and structures that allow men and women to have sexual intercourse and produce children
Respiratory arrest
Respiratory arrest- a condition in which a person suddenly stops breathing
Respiratory arrest
a condition in which a person suddenly stops breathing
Respiratory failure
Respiratory failure- the failure of the body to exchange gases properly, which leads to a buildup of carbon dioxide and a lack of oxygen in the blood
Reticulocyte- an immature red blood cell
Retina- The center part of the back lining of the eye that senses light. It has many small blood vessels that are sometimes harmed when a person has had diabetes for a long time.
Retinal artery occlusion
Retinal artery occlusion- obstruction of an artery that supplies blood to the retina, resulting in some degree of temporary or permanent blindness
Retinitis pigmentosa
Retinitis pigmentosa- gradual loss of the field of vision, owing to a degeneration of the light-sensitive nerve cells of the retina
Retinopathy- any disease or disorder of the retina; usually refers to damage to the retina caused by high blood pressure or diabetes mellitus
Retinopathy (REH-tih-NOP-uh-thee)
Damage to the small blood vessels in the retina (back of the eye)
Rh blood group
Rh blood group- a blood group classifying whether the substances called Rhesus (Rh) factors are present on the surface of red blood cells; the "positive" or "negative" designation in blood classification (for example, "O negative")
Rheumatic fever
Rheumatic fever- a disorder that follows a throat infection by the streptococcus bacteria and causes inflammation in body tissues
Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis- a condition in which joints in the body become inflamed, stiff, painful, and sometimes deformed because of the body's own immune system attacking the tissues
Rheumatoid factors
Rheumatoid factors- antibodies that are present in about 80% of people with rheumatoid arthritis; their detection through blood testing can help to diagnose the disorder
Riboflavin- a vitamin belonging to the vitamin B complex that is important in many processes in the body and helps to maintain healthy skin
Rickets- a childhood disease in which bones lack calcium and are deformed as a result of vitamin D deficiency (vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium)
Risk Factors
Risk Factors- Conditions traits or behaviours which accelerate the pace of progression of a disease.
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art of painless insulin treatment

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