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Glossary - S
 
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Saccharides
Saccharides- a group of carbohydrates, including sugars and starches
Saccharin A man
Saccharin A man-made sweetener that people use in place of sugar because it has no calories.
Safflower (Kardi)
Safflower (Kardi)- Richest source of PUFA safflower and sunflower are different though both are rich in PUPA.
Saline
Saline- a salt solution or any substance that contains salt
Salpingo
Salpingo-oophorectomy- the surgical removal of one or both of the fallopian tubes and one or both of the ovaries
Saturated fat
Saturated fat- fats that contain the maximum amount of hydrogen possible, such as those found in meats and dairy products; can contribute to coronary heart disease and the development of some cancers
Saturated fats
Saturated fats- are solid at room temperature and come chiefly from animal food products. Some examples are butter, lard, meat fat, solid shortening, palm oil, and coconut oil. These fats tend to raise the level of cholesterol, a fat-like substance in the blood.
Saturrated Fatty Acids (SFA)
Saturrated Fatty Acids (SFA)- A type of fat which elevates blood cholesterol level. Animal fats are major sources of SFA.
Sciatica
Sciatica- pain along the sciatic nerve, which runs down the length of the leg to the foot; usually caused by pressure on the nerve due to disk prolapse or a tumor, abscess, or blood clot
Sclera
Sclera- the tough, white coating that covers and protects the inner structures of the eye
Scrotum
Scrotum- the sac containing the testicles
Scurvy
Scurvy- a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C, characterized by weakness, bleeding and pain in joints and muscles, bleeding gums, and abnormal bone and tooth growth
Sebaceous cyst
Sebaceous cyst- a swelling that occurs under the skin, most commonly on the scalp, face, ears, and genitals; although usually harmless, can grow very large and become painful if infected
Sebum
Sebum- the oily, lubricating substance that is secreted by glands in the skin
Sedatives
Sedatives- a group of drugs that have a calming effect; used to treat anxiety and pain, bring on sleep, and help relax a person before surgery
Seizure
Seizure- sudden uncontrolled waves of electrical activity in the brain, causing involuntary movement or loss of consciousness
Selenium
Selenium- an element needed by the body only in very small amounts that helps maintain tissue elasticity
Semen
Semen- fluid released during ejaculation that contains sperm along with fluids produced by the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles
Semen analysis
Semen analysis- a procedure in which a semen sample is examined to determine the amount of sperm present, along with their shape and ability to move; commonly used in the treatment of male infertility
Sepsis
Sepsis- the infection of a wound or tissue with bacteria, causing the spread of the bacteria into the bloodstream; now also known as systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by a microbe
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