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Glossary - T
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Thyroglossal cyst
Thyroglossal cyst- a swelling at the front of the neck; forms from a duct that fails to disappear during embryonic development
Thyroid gland
Thyroid gland- a gland located in the front of the neck below the voice box that plays an important role in metabolism (the chemical processes in the body) and growth; the gland produces thyroid hormone
Thyroiditis- inflammation of the thyroid gland
Thyrotoxicosis- a toxic condition resulting from overactivity of the thyroid gland
Thyroxin- a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that helps regulate energy production in the body
Tissue plasminogen activator
Tissue plasminogen activator- a substance produced by the body and as a genetically engineered drug to prevent abnormal blood clotting
Tissue typing
Tissue typing- tests used to determine the compatibility of tissues used in grafts and transplants
Tonsils- masses of lymphoid tissue located at either side of the back of the throat
Trachea- the tube running from the larynx (the voice box) down the neck and into the upper part of the chest, where it divides to form the two bronchi of the lungs; commonly called the windpipe
Trans - Fatty Acid : An unnatured form of fatty formed during hydrogenation of oils.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation- a method of relieving pain by applying tiny electrical impulses to nerve endings beneath the skin
Transient ischemic attack
Transient ischemic attack- a temporary block in the supply of blood to the brain, resulting in temporary loss of sensation, movement, vision, or speech; often called mini-strokes and can be precursors to a real stroke
Tremor- an involuntary, rhythmic, shaking movement caused by alternating contraction and relaxation of muscles; can be the normal result of age or the abnormal effect of a disorder
Trigeminal neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia- a disorder of the trigeminal nerve (a cranial nerve) that causes brief attacks of severe pain in the lips, cheeks, gums, or chin on one side of the face
Triglyceride- the main form of fat in the blood; determining levels of triglyceride is useful in diagnosing and treating diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease
Trisomy- the presence in the cells of three copies of a certain chromosome instead of the normal two copies
Tubers- A tuber is a storage organ and is a short thickened portion of an underground stem, a common example being the potato.
Tumor- an abnormal mass that occurs when cells in a certain area reproduce unchecked; can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign)
Turner's syndrome
Turner's syndrome- a genetic disorder in women in which only one X chromosome is present, or both chromosomes are present but one is defective
Type 1 diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the body does not make insulin. The immune system mistakenly attacks the cells that make and release insulin. As these cells die, high sugar levels build up in the blood. Type 1 diabetes often affects children, but adults can develop it, too
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art of painless insulin treatment

diabetic sweets

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